Memories of the Occupation in Greece

Selected Biographies

Clemençeau Filippakis

Clemençeau Filippakis was born in 1919. His father belonged to the political group of the Venizelists, which had supported the Entente Cordiale during the First World War. In 1941, he and his father hosted the first British liaison officers who had been assigned to build an espionage network in Crete.

Giota Konstantopoulou

Giota Konstantopoulou was born in Kalavryta. As a 13-year-old, she survived the massacre that was perpetrated by German soldiers there on December 13, 1943. In total, 499 people were killed.

Heinz Kunio

Heinz Kunio was 15 years old when he and his family were deported to Auschwitz from Thessaloniki. Because he spoke German, the Sephardic Jew was able to survive.

Efi Papatheodorou

Efi Papatheodorou was born in Sitaralona (Aetolia-Arcanania) in 1938 and was the second child of doctor Thanos Papatheodorou and his wife Panagiota. During the occupation, her father supported the resistance, joining the National Liberation Front and later the Greek People's Liberation Army.

Stavros Papoutsakis

Stavros Papoutsakis was born in Meskla (Chania) in 1925. He was active in various areas of the resistance against Nazi tyranny. He enlisted in the Greek People’s Liberation Army at age 18 and participated in numerous battles against the German occupying forces.

Argyris Sfountouris

Argyris Sfountouris is a survivor of the massacre in the village of Distomo. On June 10, 1944, 218 villagers were brutally massacred without warning and regardless of age or gender.

Manolis Stavroulakis

Manolis Stavroulakis was born in Ano Meros, Rethymnon on Crete. In 1944, his older brother Kostas was shot by the Germans for being a member of the Communist Party and a resistance fighter. In the same year, Stavroulakis witnessed the destruction of his village and the massacre of 38 villagers.