The deportation and extermination of Greek Jews as part of the Nazi “final solution” began in March of 1943 and lasted until August of 1944. Some communities of Romaniote Jews, for example on the Ionian islands, in Athens, or in Central Greece, were among the oldest in Europe and existed previous to the Byzantine era. Sephardic Jews first settled in Greece in 1492 after being forced out of Spain.
From the 71,611 Jews who lived in Greece before the war, 58,886 were killed in German concentration camps. This number is uniquely high in comparison to the population in occupied Europe before the war.
In the interviews, Auschwitz survivors speak about their experiences in the concentration camps and their lives after their return to Greece, among them Auschwitz survivor Isaac Mizan, one of few who are still living.